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ROBUST FIRST QUARTER PERFORMANCE KEEPS ECONOMY ON GROWTH TARGET

Posted by Business in Ghana on July 13, 2012

Source: Center For Policy Analysis (CEPA), Ghana.  http://www.cepa.org

Introduction

The Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) currently provides three interrelated measures of real GDP. For any specified period of time  typically a quarter or calendar year  real GDP is the constant price (2006) value of relevant economic activities in that specified period. Constant prices are used in the valuation in order to eliminate the effect of inflation which otherwise could confuse the assessment of economic performance. The growth rate is obtained by comparing the value of the current period with that of a previous period. The three measures of data are the following:

  •  year-on-year for each of the four quarters of the calendar year, defined by GSS as comparing current economic developments with that of the same period in the previous year. There is little or no influence by seasonal factors;
  •  quarter-on-quarter for each of the four quarters in comparison with the preceding quarter defined by GSS as providing a short-term (six months) picture of current economic developments. The estimates are influenced by seasonal factors that are caused by economic behaviour or recurrent exogenous factors such as weather patterns, holidays, religious events etc ; and
  •  the current calendar year compared to the previous calendar year  the more common measure used in public discussions, as for example: the economy grew at 14.1 percent in 2011.

Moreover, all of the above measures of economic performance are subject to periodic revisions. According to the GSS, revisions provide the opportunity for incorporation of additional and improved data. For example, some data that were not available at the released date are incorporated through revisions into subsequent releases. Read the rest of this entry »

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